On the nature of evolution: an explicative model

Arcadio Monroy-Ata, Juan Carlos Peña-Becerril

Resumen


For years, links between entropy and information of a system have been proposed, but their changes in time and in their probabilistic structural states have not been proved in a robust model as a unique process. This document demonstrates that increasement in entropy and information of a system are the two paths for changes in its configuration status. Biological evolution also has a trend toward information accumulation and complexity. In this approach, the aim of this article is to answer the question: What is the driven force of biological evolution? For this, an analogy between the evolution of a living system and the transmission of a message in time was made, both in the middle of environmental noise and stochasticity. A mathematical model, initially developed by Norbert Wiener, was employed to show the dynamics of the amount of information in a message, using a time series and the Brownian motion as statistical frame. Léon Brillouin’s mathematical definition of information and Claude Shannon’s entropy equation were employed, both are similar, in order to know changes in the two physical properties. The proposed model includes time and configurational probabilities of the system and it is suggested that entropy can be considered as missing information, according to Arieh Ben–Naim. In addition, a graphic shows that information accumulation can be the driven force of both processes: evolution (gain in information and complexity), and increase in entropy (missing information and restrictions loss). Finally, a living system can be defined as a dynamic set of information coded in a reservoir of genetic, epigenetic and ontogenic programs, in the middle of environmental noise and stochasticity, which points toward an increase in fitness and functionality.

Palabras clave


biological evolution; entropy; information; living systems; messages; noise

Texto completo:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.recqb.2016.06.006

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.


Financiado por:

 

Proyecto C-290903

Licencia Creative Commons
TIP Revista Especializada en Ciencias Químico-Biológicas está distribuido bajo una Licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivar 4.0 Internacional.

TIP REVISTA ESPECIALIZADA EN CIENCIAS QUÍMICO-BIOLÓGICAS, Volumen 23, 2020, es una publicación editada por la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria, Deleg. Coyoacán, C.P. 04510, Ciudad de México, México, a través de la Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza, Campus I, Av. Guelatao # 66, Col. Ejército de Oriente, Deleg. Iztapalapa, C.P. 09230, Ciudad de México, México, Teléfono: 55.56.23.05.27, http://tip.zaragoza.unam.mx, Correo electrónico revistatip@yahoo.com, Editor responsable: Dra. Martha Asunción Sánchez Rodríguez, Certificado de Reserva de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo del Título No. 04-2014-062612263300-203, ISSN: 2395-8723 ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional del Derecho de Autor, Responsable de la última actualización de este número Claudia Ahumada Ballesteros, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza, Av. Guelatao # 66, Col. Ejército de Oriente, Deleg. Iztapalapa, C.P. 09230, Ciudad de México, México, fecha de la última modificación, 28 de julio de 2020.

Esta página puede ser reproducida con fines no lucrativos, siempre y cuando no se mutile, se cite la fuente completa y su dirección electrónica. De otra forma requiere permiso previo de la institución.